Safety culture development and improvement has always been a focus of attention at Rosatom State Corporation companies.
Rosatom companies that participate in projects for construction of nuclear facilities abroad always take into account the customer country’s statutory requirements regarding safety culture. A perfect example of efficient teamwork aimed at safety culture development and improvement is the fruitful cooperation between Fennovoima, Rusatom Energy International, RAOS Project and the main subcontractors involved in the Hanhikivi-1 NPP Project (the Project).
The EPC Contract for Hanhikivi-1 NPP construction was signed by Rusatom Energy International and Fennovoima in December 2013. It contains a separate Safety Culture appendix that clearly defines Fennovoima’s requirements to safety culture management. The appendix particularly emphasises that all Project participants must undergo a general safety culture training and from time to time take advanced safety culture courses to the extent required by one’s position.
In 2015, the Working Group for the Project’s nuclear safety culture was created. The group includes Fennovoima, Rusatom Energy International, Hydropress, Concern Titan-2, Atomenergomash and Atomproekt safety culture experts. The working group meets four times a year to discuss major problems, proposals and plans in the area of safety culture development and improvement.
The key principles of safety culture development and improvement have been outlined in the Joint Nuclear Safety Culture Policy Statement issued by Fennovoima and Rusatom Energy International, as well as in Rusatom Energy International Safety Culture Policy. The main nuclear safety culture principle states that nuclear safety shall take the top priority in all actions and decisions across the Project. To ensure that nuclear safety always has the top priority, the following safety culture principles have been established and made binding upon all Project participants:
- Commitment (to set safety as one’s top priority, to take responsibility and to lead by one’s own example);
- Awareness (to understand reasons and potential consequences of all actions);
- Transparency (to communicate and cooperate openly);
- Continuous improvement (to show initiative and make effort to learn more).
The above safety culture principles have been incorporated in Safety Culture Programmes adopted by Fennovoima, RAOS Project and the main Project subcontractors. These Programmes are included in the list of mandatory documents required for the Construction License to be issued by STUK, the Finnish nuclear regulatory authority. In June 2016, Safety Culture Programmes of all main Project subcontractors were approved by RAOS Project and submitted for approval to Fennovoima. By now, Fennovoima has approved the Safety Culture Programmes submitted by Hydropress and Atomenergomash. The main Project subcontractors ensure that the said safety culture principles are incorporated in Safety Culture Programmes adopted by other subcontractors within their own supply chains and that safety culture requirements are included in each contract that is signed with their subcontractors.
The first introductory training course on safety culture for employees of RAOS Project (General Contractor for Hanhikivi-1 NPP) and Concern Titan-2 (the main subcontractor) was held at Hanhikivi-1 NPP site in Pyhäjoki in April 2016. The course content included principles of safety culture development and improvement at all project stages and developed the audience’s skills in fostering personal and group safety commitment, exercising safety leadership, motivating the employees to stay safe at all times, building a climate of openness and trust and conducting a self-evaluation of the corporate safety culture condition. Special attention was drawn to the requirements of the Finnish law and the EPC Contract regarding safety culture management at all stages of Hanhikivi-1 NPP life cycle.
In addition to that, the following safety culture events were held in 2015-2016 in order to develop the competence of all Project participants:
- Hanhikivi-1 NPP Strategic Safety Culture Session (28 to 29 April 2015)
- An International Summer Course in Safety Culture (6 to 10 July 2015)
- An Introductory Safety Culture course for Rusatom Energy International and RAOS Project employees (September 2015)
- A Strategic Safety Culture Session (9 to 11 November 2015)
- In order to facilitate further training of Rusatom Energy International and RAOS Project employees, an Introductory Safety Culture course was developed in English, Finnish and Russian (December 2015)
- A distance introductory training course on safety culture was held for all RAOS Project employees (January 2016)
- An industry-wide workshop on safety culture concept of Rosatom State Corporation companies (1 to 5 February 2015)
- A workshop on safety culture concept in hazardous industrial facilities (22 to 25 March 2016)
- A safety culture workshop for companies that operate at Hanhikivi-1 NPP site (23 August 2016).